We looked at our budget and chicken expenses for the last several years, and we looked at our goals for the future. One of our big animal expenditures was purchasing layer chicks each year. It was also one LESS thing we were doing that moved us toward God-sufficiency in our lifestyle. Thus, we decided to take the plunge into hatching our own chicks. Instead of purchasing our planned batch of layers this spring, we used the money to buy a nice, 50-egg incubator. After lots of research (what else is new?) and a number of phone calls to ask questions, we settled on the Hova-Bator incubator with circulating air fan and egg-turner. Next, we stole about 21 eggs from our layers over a few days. One Saturday afternoon, we placed them all in the incubator. The below photo is actually the day before they hatched, so the egg turner had already been removed.
After 5 days, we candled them, using the incredibly inexpensive, all-purpose, highly modern…..flashlight. Whatever works, right? We were able to see the air cell, the yolk, and in most cases, a little chick embryo. 2 eggs were clearly not fertile, and 1 egg had an early demise (indicated by a reddish ring around what started as an embryo). That left 18 eggs.
We then candled roughly once a week, added water to the humidifier tray every 2-3 days, tried to maintain a constant temperature, and hoped for the best.
On day 20, about 4 in the morning, we heard peeping. One perfect little chick had hatched, but was very weak and clumsy. He couldn’t stay upright. We tried a few things, but eventually moved him out and into the brooder, where he later died. I think he was, literally, a premie, who just couldn’t thrive.
On day 21, as scheduled, 16 eggs pipped (made a hole in the shell to start the hatching process). One at a time, they began hatching. This lasted over 24 hours. Finally, around mid-day on day 23, we removed all chicks from the incubator. The final result was 15 healthy, happy chicks, 1 chick that died after pipping, 2 chicks that died about a week before hatch (they still had their yolk sack attached). The kids had a fun biology lesson cracking those 3 open to see what was inside.
This was several weeks ago, and the 15 chicks are still alive, well, and beginning to feather. We have no idea yet if we got hens or roosters, but I am assuming it will be a standard 50/50 for the most part. We did learn, however, that the feathered-leg trait is dominant. Our rooster is a feather-legged Dark Brahma, and the hens were a mix feather-legged and clean-legged breeds. All chicks are feather-legged. We found it interesting. We also got at least one pure Brahma (our favorite), though it is a cross between light and dark. We are looking forward to our next hatch, and quite thrilled that we had about a 78% hatch rate (15 out of 19 fertile eggs), which is apparently above the desired 70% that the “pros” consider ideal.